Biography of Hada

Hada, wife Xinna and son
Hada with wife Xinna and son in the reception room of the prison

Mr. Hada was born in Khorchin Right Wing Front Banner of Inner Mongolia in 1955. He got his first degree from the department of Mongolian language and Literature at the Inner Mongolian Teacher's College for Nationalities in 1983. After graduation, he worked as an editor at the Inner Mongolian People's Publishing House for three years. Then he became a graduate student in the department of politics, Inner Mongolian Teacher's University in 1986 and in 1989, he graduated with a master's degree in philosophy.

In the 1980's he had been an active member of the underground organizations of the Mongols of Inner Mongolia. The goals of those organizations were to preserve and protect the religious and cultural heritage of the Mongols, as well as to fight for the social and political rights of the Mongols, which are guaranteed by the constitution of the People’s Republic of China but never have materialized.

In October 1989 he opened the Mongolian Academic Bookstore in Hohhot, the capital city of Inner Mongolia.

In May 1992, Mr. Hada and other Mongol students and intellectuals established the Southern Mongolian Democracy Alliance (SMDA) and Mr. Hada became the chairman.

The SMDA published an underground journal---The Voice of the Southern Mongolia and Hada wrote a book---The Way Out for the Southern Mongols. In his book, he stated the true facts of what the Chinese Communist government has done to the Mongols of Inner Mongolia, including the following:

He pointed out in his book that the only way out for the Southern (Inner) Mongols is to stand up and fight for their legitimate rights given by the constitution of the People’s Republic of China.

In 1995, the SMDA organized several peaceful demonstrations in the capital city of Inner Mongolia to demand the Chinese government to materialize the rights of the Mongols written in the constitution of the P.R.China as well as in the self-government Constitution of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.

After organizing a demonstration and school strike among the teachers and students in the universities and colleges of Hohhot in Dec. 1995, Mr. Hada and other dozens of Mongols, including his wife Xinna and his brother Has, were arrested by the authorities. On Dec. 6, 1996, after a year of detention without trial, he was charged with the crimes of separatism and espionage for Mongolia and sentenced to 15 years in jail.

Hada's wife and brother were also arrested with Mr. Hada in 1995 and spent 3 months in prison without charges. During the time, their 4 years old son was left home alone. Hada's bookstore was closed down immediately after his arrest and all the books, research papers and other properties were confiscated as criminal utilities and evidence. A cordless phone was also confiscated because Xinna used it to give interview with the Voice of America. Xinna has been under close surveillance and often questioned by officers from the Bureau of Public Security and the Bureau of National Security. She and her son were detained for 4 days during the celebration of 50th anniversary of establishment of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in July 1997. The authorities ignored Xinna’s numerous requests to re-open the bookstore to support the family. The authorities have not allow her to take any jobs and the family’s living condition has been extremely difficult.

In December 2011, just before completing his fifteen year prison sentence, both Xinna, his wife and Uiles, his son were arrested and incarcerated so as to further pressure Hada into submission. Relatives that have been fortunate enough to have been allowed contact with Hada have related that when his prison sentence was complete he was offered his freedom in exchange for signing a piece of paper that said he would keep quiet or he could get asylum in another country. He refused both alternatives and continues to remain in prison, three years after finishing his prison sentence for a crime that Western countries do not recognize.

Click here to read a letter from Xinna to the US President William J. Clinton from the Human Right Watch site.